UVEITIS: ADALIMUMAB IS ASSOCIATED WITH A LOWER RISK OF DISEASE FLARE DESPITE ADVERSE EVENTS

Adalimumab in Patients with Active Noninfectious Uveitis.
Jaffe GJ1, Dick AD1, Brézin AP1, Nguyen QD1, Thorne JE1, Kestelyn P1, Barisani-Asenbauer T1, Franco P1, Heiligenhaus A1, Scales D1, Chu DS1, Camez A1, Kwatra NV1, Song AP1, Kron M1, Tari S1, Suhler EB1.
Author information
Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Patients with noninfectious uveitis are at risk for long-term complications of uncontrolled inflammation, as well as for the adverse effects of long-term glucocorticoid therapy. We conducted a trial to assess the efficacy and safety of adalimumab as a glucocorticoid-sparing agent for the treatment of noninfectious uveitis.
METHODS:
This multinational phase 3 trial involved adults who had active noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis despite having received prednisone treatment for 2 or more weeks. Investigators and patients were unaware of the study-group assignments. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive adalimumab (a loading dose of 80 mg followed by a dose of 40 mg every 2 weeks) or matched placebo. All patients received a mandatory prednisone burst followed by tapering of prednisone over the course of 15 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the time to treatment failure occurring at or after week 6. Treatment failure was a multicomponent outcome that was based on assessment of new inflammatory lesions, best corrected visual acuity, anterior chamber cell grade, and vitreous haze grade. Nine ranked secondary efficacy end points were assessed, and adverse events were reported.
RESULTS:
The median time to treatment failure was 24 weeks in the adalimumab group and 13 weeks in the placebo group. Among the 217 patients in the intention-to-treat population, those receiving adalimumab were less likely than those in the placebo group to have treatment failure (hazard ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval, 0.36 to 0.70; P<0.001). Outcomes with regard to three secondary end points (change in anterior chamber cell grade, change in vitreous haze grade, and change in best corrected visual acuity) were significantly better in the adalimumab group than in the placebo group. Adverse events and serious adverse events were reported more frequently among patients who received adalimumab (1052.4 vs. 971.7 adverse events and 28.8 vs. 13.6 serious adverse events per 100 person-years).
CONCLUSIONS:
In our trial, adalimumab was found to be associated with a lower risk of uveitic flare or visual impairment and with more adverse events and serious adverse events than was placebo. (Funded by AbbVie; VISUAL I ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01138657 .).

 

OTHER TRIAL:

A Multicenter Study of the Efficacy and Safety of the Human Anti-TNF Monoclonal Antibody Adalimumab as Maintenance Therapy in Subjects Requiring High Dose Corticosteroids for Active Non infectious Intermediate-, Posterior-, or Panuveitis (phase III) – UK
Principal investigator of clinical trial :
Pr Andrew D DICK
Ophthalmology
University Of California Berkeley
Irvine
BERKELEY CA 94704-5940
UNITED STATES
Sponsor of clinical trial :
ABBOTT DEUTSCHLAND
Abbott Deutschland
Max-Planck-Ring 2
65205 WIESBADEN
GERMANY
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Phone : 49 (0)6122 58 0

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